Information Technology is the buzzword today in all walks of life. "Information Technology" ,pronounced as IT , is a broad subject which deals with technology and other aspects of managing and processing information, especially in large organizations. It refers to anything related to computing technology, such as networking, hardware, software, the Internet, or the people that work with these technologies. Therefore, “Information Technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data often in the context of a business or other enterprise.” The field of information technology (IT) covers the design, administration and support of computer and telecommunications systems. Information technology is a growing field that offers relatively secure positions for those with solid technical skills and at least a bachelor's degree in an IT-related field. “The information technology offers a very promising future for its students in the field of software development, hardware and information Technology.”
Many companies now have IT departments for managing the computers, networks, and other technical areas of their businesses. IT jobs include computer programming, network administration, computer engineering, Web development, technical support, and many other related occupations. Since we live in the "information age," information technology has become a part of our everyday lives. That means the term "IT," already highly overused, is here to stay. Particularly, IT is applied computing and employs the use of electronic computers, storage media, network administration, server maintenance, and computer software to secure, convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and retrieve information. The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones.
Flexibility in international trade and business is all due to the evolution of Internet & Communication Technologies and its advancements. The e- paradigms like electronic business (e-bus), electronic commerce (e-com), electronic learning (e-learning), electronic medicine (e-medicine), electronic governance (e-governance) demonstrate advancements in information explosion and technology scenario.-Information Technology (IT) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) are a booming area, wherein we see how the world has opened up for BPO, IPO, KPO (Business Process Outsourcing, Intellectual Process Outsourcing, Knowledge Process Outsourcing) services. Advanced countries are outsourcing these areas due to competitive pricing, easy delivery and availability of key human resources. The emerging areas of bioinformatics, genetic engineering and bioscience have made enormous progress in this sector.
Gains to India
India with its massive resource availability and a very strong base of intellectual and knowledge concentration is rightly positioned to reach the status of a developed country. The technical/logical strengths combined with its mastery in English by a large technically qualified young population give this claim a strong basis. As per the vision statement of the former President of India Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, by year 2020, India will be a knowledge warehouse for the entire world. Information Technology will play a crucial role in making that vision into a reality.
Information Technology Application
Information Technology deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to store, protects, process, transmit and securely retrieve data. Experts say IT deals with the business side of Computer Science. It focuses on satisfying the computing technology needs of organization. Computer Science, on the other hand, lays emphasis on foundation on computing. IT professionals perform a variety of tasks that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. They are suited for data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the management and administration of entire systems.
Professionals from other domains who require large data intensive applications harness the power and flexibility provided by information technology. As a result this branch integrates all the domains and is much sought after. These days we need connectivity of data across the globe and we need it at the click of the mouse. That is the challenge Information Technology has to meet. We need more and more sophistication in the way we can handle data and obtain information. Some critical application include: Office automation and accounting, expert systems for diagnostics, monitoring live projects, online exams, results and decision support systems.
The essential subjects of Information Technology which are taught in JEC Group usually include: